North Carolina Pioneers


Anson County Genealogy, Wills, Estates



Monroe, North Carolina Ansonville, North Carolina Polkton, North CarolinaPictured is the countryside of Monroe, Ansonville and Polkton, North Carolina. Anson County was formed in 1750 from Bladen County. It was named for George Anson, Baron Anson, a British admiral, who circum-navigated the globe from 1740 to 1744, and later became First Lord of the Admiralty. The county began to shrink in 1753 when the northern part of it became Rowan County. In 1762 the western part of Anson County became Mecklenburg County. In 1779 the northern part of what remained of Anson County became Montgomery County, and the part east of the Pee Dee River became Richmond County. Finally, in 1842 the western part of Anson County was combined with the southeastern part of Mecklenburg County to become Union County.

An explanation of Pleas and Quarter Session Minutes in North Carolina. This type of court emulates a court which met quarterly in Great Britain. In early colonial America, it also had criminal jurisdiction. The genealogist should always examine the minutes of this court. And for good reason. It is similar to the (later) Inferior Court Minutes which registered everything from wills, administrations, inventories, and estates in general. The colonial North Carolina court recorded last wills and testaments as they were entered for probate, detailed inventories, distributions, sales of perishable goods and who purchased them, names of orphans and who they were apprenticed to, appointments of adminstrators, bonds, road commissioners and a general description of road junctures, adjoining lands and ferries. These minutes tell the story of the neighboring lands and what was happening. Simply a mention of your ancestor's name is reason enough to search them, because you discover the years that he resided in that county, as well as some of his personal affairs, like proving deeds as he purchased and sold property, registering of brands (animals), the appointments of church wardens, and districting lines drawn through his property. So often, the genealogist is unable to locate a last will and testament in the will books. The minutes will mention that it was filed as well as the date, even if it was not found in the will books. You simply have too much to gain to overlook this valuable source!

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Anson County Probate Records available to members

Minutes of the Pleas of the Quarter Sessions 1771 to 1775
Index to Minutes (above)

Digital Images of Wills 1751 to 1779