Jeannette Holland Austin Profile
Fort Fisher near Wilmington possessed one of the largest Confederate earthenworks forts, with Colonel William Lamb as its commander. In fact, it was Lamb who redesigned the fort similar to the Russian Crimean War fort called Malakoff Tower. It was heavily armed and its earth and sand mound construction readily absorbed bombardment by heavy artillery. In December of 1864, the Union Navy blew up a ship packed with explosive in front of the fort, with slight damage to the fort itself. Determined to close the port of Wilmington to Confederate blockade runners, General Grant ordered a second attack in January of 1865. During Jnuary of 1865 Confederate defenders repelled one part of the Union attack on Fort Fisher. However, when Federal units penetracted the defenses of the fort in another sector, they captured the fort. The fall of Fort Fisher closed the part of Wilmington, which was the last fort open to the Confederacy.
Find more about your ancestors on North Carolina Pioneers
Wilmington and the Stamp Act
The port city of Wilmington opposed the Stamp Act. And, it had the support of influential politicians who led the resistance against the North Carolina Tories. Cornelius Harnett, a member of the General Assembly, rallied his opposition to the Sugar Act of 1764. When the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act the following year, the citizens of protested. On October 19, 1765, several hundred townspeople gathered to protest the new law and in the process burned an effigy of one person in the town who favored the Act. Then, toasted "Liberty, Property and No Stamp Duty." On October 31, another crowd assembled in the streets representing the symbolic funeral of "Liberty" but before they could burn their effigy, the patriots rallied. When Dr. William Houston was appointed the Stamp Receiver for Cape Fear he was surrounded by townsfolk who demanded to know whether he intended to enforce the Stamp Act and while the town bell rang and drums beat, he resigned his position. Meanwhile, Governor William Tryon attempted to mitigate the opposition to no avail. On November 18, 1765, he plead his case directly to prominent residents who answered that the law restricted their rights. Thus, when the stamps arrived on November 28th on the vessel H. M. Sloop Diligence, Tryon ordered that the stamps be kept on board. Thereafter, shipping on the Cape Fear River ceased.
But trouble continued to brew. On February 18, 1766, two merchant ships arrived at Brunswick Town without stamped papers. Each ship provided signed statements from the collectors at their respective ports of origin that there were no stamps available, but Captain Jacob Lobb of the British cruiser Viper seized the vessels. In response, numerous residents from the southern counties met in Wilmington and organized themselves as the "Sons of Liberty" pledging to block implementation of the Stamp Act. The following day, as many as a thousand men, including the mayor and aldermen of Wilmington, were led by Cornelius Harnett to Brunswick to confront the defiant Governor Tryon. A mob seized ships and forced royal customs officers and public officials in the region to swear never to issue stamped paper. Note: Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in March 1766. Find more about your ancestors on North Carolina Pioneers
James Hogg, Supporting Man
James Hogg was a tacksman, meaning "supporting man" from the Highlands who brought many new settlers into North Carolina. Large groups of emigrants left Scotland because of high rents from the lairds, reappointment of farm land (especially in Argyll) for sheep, and so many families falling into poverty. Eventually, an over-sweeping population of poor people in the Highlands created so great a burden on the country that the system of clan leaders and lairds no longer worked. From about 1720 to 1800, families jumped at the opportunity to migrate. During the 1770s, James Hogg, who had acted as a tacksman collecting rents for the lairds, also sought opportunity in America. He contacted ships captains and arranged passages for hundreds of persons. As new settlers arrive at Wilmington or Brunswick, they faced a laborous 90-mile trip up the Cape Fear River to Cross Creek where a great number of Scottish clans had settled on land grants from 1734 to 1737. The Scots spoke gaelic and needed Hogg to arrange passages, etc.
The Jamaica Packet
The ship Jamaica Packet left Scotland for the West Indies and North Carolina during 1774. The passengers were from the Orkney Islands and had been forced to leave the Highlands because of high rents. As all voyages in that day, accommodations consisted of a small compartment below deck, poor ventilated. According to the contract made been the tacksman and the captain, these emigrants had a weekly diet of a pound of meat, two pounds of oatmeal, biscuit and some water. After awhile they consumed spoiled pork, moldy biscuit and oatmeal and drank brackish water. The journey took about two months. The passengers had only enough money for the regular charges, and were forced to sell themselves to the ship owner as indentured servants in order to pay for their transportation. As the vessel crossed the Tropic of Cancer, threats from the the crew to drag them behind the ship with a rope extorted the little property which they still possessed.
William Hooper House in Wilmington
William Hooper served as a Member of the Continental Congress from North Carolina from 1774 to 1777. He was also a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, along with fellow North Carolinians Joseph Hewes and John Penn. Hooper was born in Boston and studied at the University of Edinburgh before coming to Boston. He graduated from Harvard University in 1760 and thus began his practice of law. In 1764 he removed to Wilmington, North Carolina where he was the Circuit Court lawyer for the Cape Fear region. Later, in 1770, he was appointed Deputy Attorney General of North Carolina.
Horrible Murder with a Rifle
"Wilmington Journal. Murder. A correspondent in Lenoir county writes us that a horrible murder was committed on Thursday the 15th instant by young John Tillman, killing his uncle Joseph Tillman, by shooting him with a rifle, and then beating his brains out with the barrel of the rifle. Tillman is now confined in the dungeon to await his trial. Newbernian." Source: The North Carolina-Standard, Raleigh, North Carolina, 28 August 1850.
New Hanover County Wills, Estates, Maps
New Hanover county was formed in 1729 and known as the New Hanover Precinct of Bath County, being that portion taken from Craven County. During 1734 parts of the precinct became Bladen Precinct and Onslow Precinct. It was named for the House of Hanover. In 1750 the northern part of New Hanover County became Duplin County and during 1764 another part of New Hanover County was combined with part of Bladen County to form Brunswick County. In 1875 the separation of northern New Hanover County went to form Pender County.
New Hanover County Wills and other Records Available to Members of North Carolina Pioneers
- Minutes of the Pleas and Quarter Sessions Court 1739-42; 1759-1769
- Index to Minutes of the Pleas and Quarter Sessions Court 1739-42; 1759-1769
Images of Wills, Book C, 1747 to 1858
- 1733 New Hanover County Map
- 1738 New Hanover County Map
- 1770 Map of Settlers in New Hanover County
Alderman, Daniel |Alexander, Aaron |Alexander, David |Allen, Archibald Smith |Amatio, Nicholas |Ancrum, John |Anderson, William |Armstrong, William |Ashburn, Denson |Ashe, Elizabeth |Ashe, John |Ashe, Samuel |Atkinson, Elizabeth |Atkinson, John |Averitt, Reuben |Baker, John |Ballard, Jethro |Bannerman, Charles |Barker, Joseph |Bartholomew, Samuel |Barwick, William |Batson, Batt |Batson, John |Batson, Peter |Batt, John |Beach, Silas |Beloat, Augustus |Benson, John |Berry, Samuel |Berry, Thomas |Bettoncourt, Emanuel |Bishop, Charles |Black, Samuel |Bland, James |Bloodworth, Mary |Bloodworth, Robert |Boissel, Marie Therese Dieudonia |Bond, Sweeting |Bonham, Hezekiah |Bonham, Samuel (blurred) |Bourdeaux, Anthony |Bourdeaux, Anthony (1853) |Bourdeaux, Daniel |Bourdeaux, William |Bowden, Bacor |Bowden, Martha |Bowden, Richard |Bradley, Eliza |Brown, Elizabeth |Brown, Jesse |Brown, Robert W. |Bryant, Benetar |Burch, James |Busley, Solomon |Calleorda, Zilpat |Campbell, Montequien |Chivers, Edward |Clark, Bella |Clark, Duncan |Collins, Jesse |Collins, John |Colson, James |Colvin, Alexander |Colvin, William B. |Corbett, John Sr. |Corbett, John M. |Corbett, William |Corbin, Edmund |Cowan, John |Coxster, E. |Coxeter, Esther |Cracke, Thomas |Cray, John |Crews, John |Cunningham, Sarah |Cunningham, Thomas |Cutlar, Elizabeth |Cutlar, Euphremia |Cuttars, Roger |Davis, John |Davis, Thomas |Davis, Thomas O. |De Kopet, Lewis Henry |De Kopet, M. J. |Denning, Margaret |Devane, Thomas |Devane, Thomas |Dickey, Eliza |Doty, Edward |Doyle, Margaret |Dubose, Anthony |Dudley, Alfred |Dudley, Catherine |Dudley, Christopher |Dudley, Edward |Dunbibin, Daniel |Dunbibin, Jonathan |Duncan, George |Eagan, Elizabeth |Eagles, Joseph |Eason, Jacob |Eason, Susan |Easter, Richard |Edens, Jacob |Epson, Thomas |Evans, Jonathan |Evans, William |Ezard, William |Fairchild, Mary |Farris, Owen |Farris, Sarah |Fennell, Nicholas |Ferguson, Daniel |Fillgan, John |Fillygan, Stephen |Fitzgerald, Thomas |Flowers, Thomas |Forbes, David |Ford, Marcus |Fountain, Isabella |Fountain, Noah |Foyer, James |Fryout, Sarah |Futch, John |Futch, Ocenimus |Gardner, James |Gardner, John |Gates, Rhoda |Gautier, Anna Bell |Gibson, Walter |Gill, Nelson |Goodie, James |Gordon, William |Graniger, Caleb |Grant, Solomon |Green, Nathan |Green, Samuel |Gregory, William |Guerard, John |Gurganus, Swinson |Gurley, Benjamin |Hall, James |Hallett, James R. |Hambleton, John |Hand, Margaret |Hanocks, Thomas |Hansley, William |Hardison, Jesse |Hardy, Richard |Harris, Catharine |Harvey, Francis |Harvey, William |Hasell, James |Hasler, James |Hay, James |Heane, Christian |Hedgeman, Lewis |Henan, William |Henderson, Duncan |Henderson, Thomas |Hendry, Alexander |Hendry, James |Hening, Benjamin |Hening, Dorcas |Hening, John |Hening, Samuel |Henry, C. D. |Henry, John |Henry, William |Heron, Benjamin |Herring, William |Highsmith, John W. |Hill, John |Hill, Sarah Lydia |Hill, Thomas |Hill, William |Hinckley, Elizabeth |Hinkley, Elizabeth |Hoard, Seth |Holliman, Elizabeth |Holliman, Peter |Holmes, Mariah |Hooper, George |Howard, James |Howard, James M. |Howard, Caleb Dena |Howse, John |Hulett, John |Isaac, Jonathan |Jacobs, George |Jacobs, Mathew |James, David |James, Margaret |James, Thomas |James, William |Jennett, Jesse |Johns, Isabel |Johnston, Ann |Johnston, Jonathan |Johnston, Mathew |Johnston, Richard W. |Jones, Amos |Jones, David Sr. |Jones, Elizabeth |Jones, Frederick |Jones, Frederick Jr. |Jones, Jane |Jones, John D. |Jones, Margaret |Jones, Marmaduke |Jones, Philip |Jones, Thomas |Jones, William |Jones, William |Judge, Israel |Kelly, Richard |Kerry, Daniel |Kingsbury, Gabriel |Kingsbury, John |Kirkby, James Harrison |Knotts, William |Koonce, Bryan |Lambert, Ezekiel |Lanier, Benjamin |Larkins, Benjamin |Larkins, Jacob |Larkins, James |Larkins, John |Larkins, Thomas |Laroque, James |Laspegne, Harriett |Lassiter, John H. |Lee, William |Lewis, Mullington |Lewis, William F. |Lillington, Alexander |Lillington, Eliza |Lillington, George |Loftin, Rachel |Long, Jonathan |Lord, William |Loudon, John |Loving, F. J. |Lyon, John |Lyon, Mildred |Mabson, Arthur |Mackay, William |MacLaine, Archibald |Mancy, U. |Manders, John |Manning, Margaret |Marshall, William |Mason, Caleb |Mason, Sarah |Massalan, Mary |Maxwell, Peter |McCaleb, Archibald |McClammy, Luke |McClammy, Peter |McClaney, Mark |McClellan, Angus |McCrackin, Robert |McCruslaw, Isabella |McCullock, Alexander |McDonald, William |McDuffie, Margaret |McGufford, Nathaniel |McKay, John |McKoy, William |McKellar, John |McLauney, William |McLeod, Daniel |McLorinau, Henry |Melson, John A. P. |Mence, Matthew |Merick, Thomas |Miller, James |Mills, James |Miller, Joseph Smith |Millon, Edward |Mills, Catharine |Mitchell, Catharine |Mixon, Michael |Mixon, Robert |Moore, Ann |Moore, Ben E. |Moore, Elizabeth |Moore, George |Moore, James |Moore, Roger |Moran, James |Morgan, Daniel |Morgan, David |Morgan, Ezekiel |Morgan, Hannah |Morris, Emanuel |Morris, William |Moseley, Thomas |Mott, Benjamin |Mott, Benjamin J. |Mott, Ruth |Munce, Clem |Munro, Hugh |Murford, William |Murphy, Cornelius |Murphy, John |Murphy, Mary |Murphy, Robert |Murray, Ann |Neal, Jacob |Neilson, Abraham |Neilson, Thomas |Newkirk, Abraham |Newkirk, Joseph |Newman, Stephen |Newton, Isaac |Newton, James |Newton, James |Newton, John J. |Newton, Joseph |Newton, Mary |Nichols, Caleb |Nichols, Elizabeth |Nichols, John |Nichols, Joseph O. |Nichols, William |Nixon, Thomas |Oaling, Charles |Oliver, John |Orme, James |Orme, Mary |Orr, Mathew |Overhisen, John |Paget, Louis Sr. |Parish, Joel |Parker, Thomas |Person, Stephen |Peterson, Emma |Peterson, Labon |Meckering, Phineas |Meckett, Thomas |Pigford, William |Player, Easter |Player, Mary |Player, Richard |Player, Stephen |Player, Thomas |Player, William |Poisson, Mary |Portevent, Samuel |Pouncey, Nathaniel |Powell, Jacob |Price, James |Price, Richard |Price, Susan |Quince, Ann |Quince, John |Quince, Richard |Rames, George |Rankin, Owen |Ratcliffe, James |Ratcliffe, Mary |Raylor, William |Riley, William |Robeson, Letitia Kitty |Robeson, Thomas |Robertson, Mary |Robinson, James |Robinson, Margaret |Rochell, Benjamin |Rogers, Thomas |Ronaldson, Andrew |Rook, Henry |Rooks, Jesse |Ross, Alexander |Ross, Ann |Ross, Walter |Rotchel, John |Rourk, William |Rouse, Alexander |Rouse, Elizabeth |Rowan, Esther |Rowe, John |Sampson, Henry |Sanders, Daniel |Sanders, Mary F. |Saunders, Elizabeth |Scarborough, Jesse |Schaw, Alexander |Sellers, Barbara |Sellers, Catharine |Sentas, Joseph |Shepard, Arthur |Sikes, John Sr. |Simpson, Joseph |Simpson, Martha |Sloan, Alexander |Smith, David |Smith, Dorcas H. |Smith, Mary |Spicer, James |Springs, John |Standley, James |Standley, James Sr. |Standwich, Samuel |Steed, Bevrice |Steward, Charles |Stewart, John |St. George, Elizabeth |Stainer, George |Swann, Aurelia |Swann, John |Swann, John |Swann, Samuel |Taylor, Ann |Taylor, James |Telfair, John |Thompson, WIlliam |Toole, Henry |Tooner, M. M. |Twilley, Ann |Vanceleef, John |Veuve Legros, Mary Martha |Vickers, Mary |Vickers, Thomas |Wade, Margaret |Wakeley, George |Walker, Ann |Walker, John |Walker, John |Walker, John M. |Walker, Magdalene Margaret |Walker, Robert |Walker, William |Walker, Julius H. |Ward, Anthony |Ward, Nathan |Ward, William |Warren, Mary |Warwick, Charlotte |Watson, Alexander |Watson, Jonathan |Watson, Joseph |Webb, Daniel |White, Temperance |White, William |Whitfield, William |Wilkinson, William |Williams, David |Williams, Jane |Williams, John |Williams, John |Williams, Thomas H. |Williamson, Tabitha |Williford, Sarah |Willy, Henry W. |Wilson, John |Wingate, William |Withings, Marshall |Wood, Mark |Wooten, Bryant |Wright, Thomas |Young, Catharine
Images of Wills, Book D, 1858 to 1868
Alderman, David |Allen, Samuel Dyer |Ashe, Tinsley |Banks, Clarissa |Baxter, Bernard |Bettercourt, William |Black, John |Bloodworth, Leah |Bordeaux, James |Bourdeaux, James |Brown, A. A. |Brown, Robert |Capps, Gideon |Cassidey, James |Corbett, Thomas |Crone, Lott |Croome, Major T. |Croom, Hillory |Croom, William |Crown, Hardy |Cummings, Naomi |De Rosset, Sallie |Dickinson, Plat |Dickson, James |Dix, John |Drane, Robert Brent |Dudley, George A. |Empire, Adam |Fennell, George |Fennell, George E. |Fennell, George |Fennell, Hardy |Fillyan, Owen |Foyles, Martha |Freeman, Alexander |Freeman, William Capers |Fulton, James |Gerganes, Alfred |Gibbs, Robert W. |Gornto, David |Guthrie, Anne |Guthrie, Ann J. |Hall, Edward |Hall, Eli |Henry, Catharine |Henry, Charles |Henry, Neal |Heyer, Barbara |Heyer, William |Hewlett, Alexander |Hewlett, A. J. |Hill, Annivis |Hill, Fred J. |James, Rachel |Jones, Ezekiel |Knohl, Frederick |Lamb, Isaac |Lane, Ezekiel Edward |Lane, Levin |Lee, Jane |Lippman, M. |London, S. E. |Love, William J. |Marshall, John |Marshall, Malsey |Miller, Annie M. |Miller, Evans |Miller, James T. |Moore, Alexander Duncan |Moore, George T. |Moore, John T. |Murphy, Robert |Murray, Thomas |Newkirk, Bryan |Newton, Mary |Nixon, Samuel |Northrop, Isaac |Owen, James |Peterson, Enoch |Pettit, Nathaniel |Pickett, Isaac |Pigford, Edward |Pigford, James B. |Polvagt, Charles |Potter, Gilbert |Powell, Rachel |Puckett, John |Quince, Nancy |Richardson, James |Rivenbark, David |Robeson, Catharine |Rooks, John |Rooks, Joseph |Rosset, John |Rothwell, A. B. |Russell, Henry |Sampson, James |Sauls, John Hill |Savage, Henry |Savage, T. |Sawton, Mathew |Simpson, Elizabeth |Simpson, James |Slade, Harry |Smith, Robert |Smith, Sarah |Swann, Ann Sophia |Tanner, Bennett |Tate, Robert |Taylor, John W. |Urquhart, Henrietta |Van Amringe, Cyrus |Walker, Jesse |Walker, John |Walker, Thomas Davis |Williams, Thomas |Wood, R. B. Jr. |Worth, Thomas C |Wright, Eliza |Wright, Joshua |Wright, Mary |Wright, Thomas H.
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